Chinese culture is so different from European culture. Different people have different minds. Among all the differences, I find something so interesting which is just a common object—- the moon. Then I will say something about what I thought of the moon and mysterious stories based on it.
1. About the moon (difference between Chinese and European culture).
Moon is a mysterious feature in both Chinese and European culture. In China, we have the moon festival and so many beautiful stories about it. As the saying goes, “the moon on our homeland is the brightest.” The moon is represented for our hometown and become the feature for homesick. We have so many poems to express our feelings. The full moon has a greater meaning for us. Chang E’s story is known by all people in China. In a word, the moon is always with good feelings or feelings about our hometown.
It is so different in Europe. I have seen a lot of movies, drawings, books and kinds of information about moons in Europe. The moon always shows with dark or even evil. Especially for the full moon which is for our get-together in China, they even have a bloody thought about it. When the full moon shows, dark stories happen and werewolves appear. Some can even become someone’s family curses. Where there are werewolves, it must be some vampire things showing up. Then bloody killings happen. It all starts with the full moon which makes me so confused. Moonlight, Vampire Dairies, Twilight and the Vampire Chronicles all tell stories happen on full-moon nights.
Then I find what I’m interested most about the European culture, the werewolf and vampire stories. They existed for so long time, from the very beginning to the very end.
2. Werewolves and vampires
We can’t avoid these dark stories when we refer to the full moon. When I saw the red moon on December 11, the first thought was the so-called “bloody moonlight”. The most famous dark story must be the werewolf-story which is connected closely to the full moon.
A werewolf is a mythological or folkloric human with the ability to shape shift into a wolf or a wolf-like creature, either purposely or after being placed under a curse. This transformation is often associated with the appearance of the full moon. Werewolves are a frequent subject of modern fiction, although fictional werewolves have been attributed traits distinct from those of original folklore. For example, the ideas that werewolves are only vulnerable to silver bullets or that they can cause others to become werewolves by biting or wounding them derive from works of modern fiction. Werewolves continue to endure in modern culture and fiction, with books, films and television shows cementing the werewolf’s stance as a dominant figure in horror. Werewolves in European tradition were mostly evil men who terrorized people in the form of wolves on command of the devil, though there were rare narratives of people being transformed involuntarily.
And about their biggest enemy—- vampires, the entities of vampires have been recorded in many European cultures, and may go back to the prehistoric times, the term vampire was not popularized until the early 18th century, after an influx of vampire superstition into Western Europe from areas where vampire legends were frequent showing up. Tales of supernatural beings consuming the blood or flesh of the living have been found in nearly every culture around Europe for many centuries. The notion of vampirism has existed for millennia, cultures such as the Hebrews, Mesopotamians, Ancient Greeks, and Romans had tales of demons and spirits which are considered precursors to modern vampires. However, despite the occurrence of vampire-like creatures in these ancient civilizations, the folklore for the entity we know today as the vampire originates almost exclusively from early 18th-century southeastern Europe.
These two species have so close connections and they can restrict each other. In one of the kinds of legendry stories, with one bite of a wolf-shape werewolf, the entity of a vampire will end. On the other hand, a vampire can easily twist off a human-shape werewolf. They are each other’s nature enemy. But they have limits. A werewolf can only turn into a wolf shape when it’s a full-moon night. And the vampires cannot walk nor do anything in the sunlight. One for full moon and the other is for the night. They restrict each other and make the nature in a harmonious status. The stories about werewolves and vampires are too many to list. They each have a definition for their legends. We can’t tell which is right and which is wrong. Every culture has its definition for this. I think that just like the entities of vampires and werewolves, their legends and stories also have entities. They came from the early European culture and they will exist for a long time, maybe eternal I think.
3. Vampire and empire
During my digging at the history of the vampires, I find a very interesting connection —- vampire and empire. I have no idea why are these two words so close. Every time I see vampire, I think of the empire. I don’t know how the English word came. I searched, but no result. But they are so alike, not only in their shape, but also the things behind them. I’ll talk about what I think, based on nothing.
Vampire and empire all have long histories. I can’t tell which came first but I think maybe they had a little connections. They both feed on human, the former on blood and the latter on human themselves. They conquest, the former turns human to vampires and the latter turns other’s country to their own. They both have entities. They are both undefeated features. They both have their great times. They both become legends in the later history. In a word, maybe vampire is just an imaginary feature for empire. Maybe they are just the human-shape empires. And maybe they are just nothing.
(The article is all written by me except the red words. I find the red words on wiki to define the werewolves and vampires. ）